Securing your MySQL server

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After installing a MySQL database server, like the one I posted earlier, if it's going to be a production environment than you should consider securing the instance by eliminating some of the basic vulnerabilities that come with a generic install.
Fortunately MySQL and MariaDB already come with a tool for that purpose, called mysql_secure_installation. This program enables to perform the following improvements to the security of your installation:

  • set a password for root accounts.
  • remove root accounts that are accessible from outside the local host.
  • remove anonymous-user accounts.
  • remove the test database (if exists), which by default can be accessed by anonymous users.

Be advised that as of MySQL 5.7.2, this tool is an executable binary available on all platforms. Before version 5.7.2, it was a script available only for Unix and Unix-like systems.
Invoking the tool without any arguments:
shell> mysql_secure_installation
The script will prompt you to determine which actions to perform:
NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL
      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MySQL, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.

You already have a root password set, so you can safely answer 'n'.

Change the root password? [Y/n] n
 ... skipping.

By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
 - Dropping test database...
ERROR 1008 (HY000) at line 1: Can't drop database 'test'; database doesn't exist
 ... Failed!  Not critical, keep moving...
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

Cleaning up...

All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MySQL!
You can find what there is to know in terms of options from the official documentation:




1 comment :

  1. You might also want to have a look at the guide from CIS
    https://benchmarks.cisecurity.org/downloads/browse/index.cfm?category=benchmarks.servers.database.mysql

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